Julia Lathrop, born in Rockford in 1858, was one of the founders of the Chicago Bureau of Charities and an advocate for mental health, immigrants, equal rights for women, social reform and child welfare. In 1890, she joined Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr at the Hull House and spent the next 22 years there. Lathrop also helped to found the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy, which eventually became the University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration. She was also pivotal in reforming the juvenile judicial system. With the help of the Chicago Woman’s Club and the Chicago Bar Association, she secured legislation to create the first juvenile court.